Vitreoretinal Services in gurgaon

Your body has been delicately designed and every single part performs its distinctive bodily functions that enable the overall processing of your body. Likewise, your eye consists of various small parts which collectively allow your vision and operation of the eye. There are numerous parts of the eye like the retina, iris, cornea, pupil, and lens. When the functioning of any of these parts is hindered it can consequently affect the overall eyesight and vitreoretinal disease are one of those.
Now, this condition of vitreoretinal disease can cause trouble in the retina and vitreous part of your eye. The retina is a light-sensitive layer present in the back of the eye which observes and transmits images and then sends that information to the brain through the optic nerve. The vitreous is a gel-based substance present in between the retina and the lens to fill in the gaps. Recently, in Gurgaon sector 55, 56 and the golf-course road vitreoretinal diseases have come to demanding attention and doctors are trying to carefully examine all the aspects to deliver the most suitable treatment.


Vitreo-retinal services may include various procedures, such as vitrectomy (removal of the vitreous gel), retinal detachment repair, laser photocoagulation (using laser energy to seal blood vessels or treat abnormal growths), and intravitreal injections (injections of medication directly into the eye). These services are provided by ophthalmologists who specialize in the diagnosis and treatment of conditions that affect the vitreous and retina, such as age-related macular degeneration, diabetic retinopathy, retinal vein occlusion, and retinal tears or holes.

Retinal Detachment

Retinal detachment occurs when the retina, the light-sensitive tissue lining the back of the eye, becomes separated from its underlying tissue. This can cause vision loss and even blindness if not treated promptly. Symptoms may include flashes of light, floaters, and a sudden or gradual decrease in vision. Risk factors include age, nearsightedness, previous eye surgery or injury, and certain medical conditions. Treatment options include surgery, such as a pneumatic retinopexy or vitrectomy, which may be combined with laser therapy or cryotherapy to seal the retina back into place. Early diagnosis and treatment can help prevent permanent vision loss.

Diabetic Retinopathy

Diabetic retinopathy is a complication of diabetes that affects the blood vessels in the retina. Over time, high blood sugar levels can damage these vessels, leading to leakage, swelling, and abnormal growth. These changes can cause vision loss and even blindness if left untreated. Symptoms may include blurry vision, floaters, and difficulty seeing at night. People with diabetes should have regular eye exams to check for diabetic retinopathy. Treatment options include controlling blood sugar levels, laser therapy to seal leaking blood vessels, and surgery in advanced cases. Early detection and treatment are crucial for preserving vision.

Macular Degeneration

Macular degeneration is a common eye condition that affects the macula, the central part of the retina responsible for sharp, detailed vision. It typically affects people over the age of 50 and is a leading cause of vision loss in older adults. There are two types of macular degeneration: dry and wet. Dry macular degeneration is more common and causes gradual vision loss, while wet macular degeneration is less common but can cause more rapid vision loss. Risk factors include age, genetics, smoking, and high blood pressure. Treatment options include lifestyle changes, medication, and surgery in advanced cases. Regular eye exams can help detect macular degeneration early.

Surgical Procedures

Surgical procedures for vitreo-retinal treatments may involve the removal of the vitreous, repairing retinal tears or detachment, or implanting devices to replace damaged or missing parts of the eye. These procedures may be performed under local or general anesthesia, and recovery times can vary depending on the specific treatment.

Laser Treatment

Laser treatment, also known as photocoagulation, involves using a special type of light to seal off abnormal blood vessels or repair tears in the retina. Injection treatments may involve the use of medications such as anti-VEGF drugs or steroids to reduce inflammation or abnormal blood vessel growth.


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FAQs on Vitreo-retinal Disease?

Vitreoretinal disease does not describe a single condition, but a group of eye diseases that affects the retina at the back of the eye and the vitreous fluid around it. A vitreoretinal disease may occur secondary to diabetes or another health problem. Conversely, ageing may be the primary risk factor for some people affected by the vitreoretinal disease. Nevertheless, “the modifications made in the field of medical science have allowed treatment for any disorder or condition,” say proficient doctors of vitreoretinal diseases in Gurgaon sector 55, 56, and golf-course road. The following are some examples that are included in vitreoretinal diseases -
  • Degeneration of macular
  • Detachment or retinal tear
  • Hole in the macular
  • Diabetic retinopathy
There are many different causes of vitreoretinal disease, including:
  • Age-related changes: As we age, the vitreous gel in the eye can shrink and pull away from the retina, which can cause damage or tears.
  • Diabetes: Diabetes can cause damage to the blood vessels in the retina, leading to a condition called diabetic retinopathy.
  • Infections: Certain infections, such as cytomegalovirus (CMV) retinitis, can cause damage to the retina.
  • Genetics: Some vitreoretinal diseases are hereditary, meaning they are passed down from parents to their children.
  • Trauma: Trauma to the eye or head can cause damage to the vitreous or retina.
  • Inflammatory conditions: Inflammatory conditions such as uveitis or scleritis can cause damage to the retina.
  • Tumors: Tumors in or near the eye can cause damage to the retina or vitreous.
  • Medications: Certain medications, such as hydroxychloroquine, can cause damage to the retina.

It is important to note that not all vitreoretinal diseases have a clear cause, and in some cases, the exact cause may not be known. Regular eye exams can help detect early signs of vitreoretinal disease and prompt treatment can help preserve vision.

Vitreoretinal diseases are conditions that affect any one of these structures. Because the retina and macula are integral to vision, a disease in this part of the eye can temporarily or permanently diminish vision. Therefore, any symptoms related to vitreoretinal disease need to be evaluated by a retinal specialist as quickly as possible. Some retinal conditions may be detected during routine eye exams before symptoms become apparent. This is advantageous because it allows us the best possible opportunity to slow or stop the disease process. The following are some common symptoms of vitreoretinal diseases -
  • Sudden floating spots in the visuals
  • Night blindness
  • Severe eye pain
  • Light flashes
  • Printed texts might look distorted
  • Light sensitivity
  • Central vision distortion
Well, the vitreoretinal disease can cause serious problems if not ministered timely. It can be extremely detrimental to your vision. Therefore, there are various treatments designed to preserve your vision loss or vision deterioration. Although the methods of treatment are based on the type of retinal damage and harshness of the condition. In some cases of vitreous part damage, the treatment is performed to minister visual function whereas for retinal detachment there is a minor surgical procedure performed.

For further questions on the surgery, precautions and other topics please feel free to discuss with your doctor.